How to Build a Concrete Fence with Wooden Panels

This article is about how to build a concrete fence with wooden panels. I built this fence for my countryside property and I am sharing a few pics during the construction along with a few thoughts. If you are interested in building a concrete fence I think you will find this helpful. This is not by any means a step by step tutorial, because building a concrete fence is complex and it depends on a few things such as: the soil structure, design considerations and budget.

If you are on a tight budget, this type of fence will not probably be exactly what you need, because it requires a significant investment. A concrete fence of this kind will require s strong foundation and rebars to keep everything rigid. Therefore, you should keep in mind this project is time consuming because the concrete needs to cure before applying the cement render, the plaster and the paint. Keep this in mind before deciding whether you need a concrete fence or a regular wooden fence.

 

 

Made from this plan

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Concrete Fence with Wooden Panels – Video!

 

Materials

  • cement, sand, gravel
  • render, plaster
  • rebars, construction wire
  • flexible electrical tubing
  • decorative paint
  • construction lumber
  • decking boards
  • stain

Tools

Time

  • 1 month +

 

 

How to Build a Concrete Fence with Wooden Panels

Preparing-the-site-for-the-concrete-fence

First of all, we had to clean the area and prepare the site for the concrete fence. We used a backhoe digger to remove the trees and the stumps. There were lots and lots of roots and the backhoe was of great help. It was also fun, as you can imagine!

Digging-the-trenches-for-the-fence-foundation

After removing the vegetation and leveling the surface, we dug the trenches for the foundation. Make sure you go deeper than the frost line. We used the backhoe digger to make the trenches and to be honest it was an overkill. The trenches for the foundation ended up very wide and we had to use more concrete than estimated.

If you have the possibility, just use a mini-excavator with a smaller bucket. Our digger had only 16″ and 24″ buckets so we used the 16″ one, but the trenches ended up about 20″ wide because of the ground structure, which wasn’t the great.

Cleaning-the-trenches-for-the-concrete-fence

We dug deeper in the locations of the pillars. Having pillars with strong foundations is essential, because they basically hold the concrete structure of the fence tightly together.

Fitting-the-rebars-for-the-base-of-the-fence

Assemble the rebar beams for the fence and then lay them in the trenches. Use string to align the beam properly.

Rebars-for-the-concrete-fence

Next, fit the rebars to the pillars. Use the tape measure to make sure the distance between the pillars is equal.

Cement-bags-for-the-concrete-fence

We had to mix the concrete on site so we had to buy a few bags of cement.

Preparing-concrete

We used a concrete mixer to prepare the concrete on site. The procedure is super simple: you mix the cement with sand, gravel and water. Then you use a wheelbarrow to carry the concrete to the foundation of the fence. You repeat the process.

Lots of Rebars-for-the-concrete-fence

First of all, you need to fill the holes of the pillars so you can set the rebars into place tightly. Use a spirit level to make sure the rebars are vertical.

Pouring-the-fence-foundation

Next, fill the trenches up to the surface of the ground. Let the concrete to dry for one day until you can continue with the formwork.

Formwork-for-the-fence-elevation

Use construction lumber for make the forms for the fence elevation. As you can see you need to make panels that go on both sides of the rebar beam. Plumb the panels vertically and then reinforce the formwork with construction wire and supports.

Concrete-fence-base-formwork

Add diagonal braces to the forms to keep them locked together tightly while filling them with concrete.

Installing-the-formwork-to-the-concrete-base

We added the form panels to the other section of the fence.

Concrete-fence-formwork

 

Pouring-the-concrete-in-the-base-of-the-fence

You can notice the braces that go on both sides of the formwork, keeping the panels plumb. When you fill the formwork with concrete, it will exert pressure and the panels will tend to move outward. That is why, the diagonal braces will keep the panels vertical.

Pouring-the-concrete-fence-base

We also added electrical flexible tubing through the elevation, because we plan to automate the gates in the future.

Removing-the-formwork-after-pouring-the-base-of-the-fence

After a few days we removed the formwork panel, so we can reuse them for the pillars. In addition, the concrete will cure a lot faster with the panels removed.

Making-a-formwork-for-the-fence-pillars

We made the forms for the pillars reusing the slats. Use a spirit level to plumb the forms, on all directions.

Forming-the-concrete-pillars

Repeat the process for the other pillars. Make sure you adjust the distance between the pillars to get equal spaced.

Formwork-for-the-fence-pillars

Add braces between the pillars to keep them locked together.

Pouring-the-concrete-pillars

Add diagonal supports to the posts before filling them with concrete.

Pouring-the-concrete-pillars-for-the-fence

Adding the supports to the pillars is important, as the pressure exerted by the concrete will tend to move them.

Removing-the-formwork-from-the-concrete-fence

Remove the formwork panels after a couple of days. Let the concrete to cure for one week.

Cement-rendering-the-fence

The next step is to cement render the concrete fence. Make sure you use string and batter boards to check if all pillars are properly aligned. If there are differences between the pillars, this is a great opportunity to fix that issue.

Rendering-the-pillars-for-the-fence

Use straight edges so you can cement render the fence properly. Fill the pillars with render and then use a shorter straight edge to level the surface and remove the excess. Mix the excess again so you can reuse it and reduce the waste. Make sure all straight edges are perfectly aligned one with another.

Cement-render---Fence

Repeat the process for the other side of the fence. Notice the decorative slots to the top of the pillars.

Concrete-fence---Cement-render-drying-out

We cement rendered the other section of the concrete fence.

Capping-for-the-concrete-fence

After a few days, we attached the travertine cappings to the concrete fence. The cappings will not only enhance the look of the fence, but they will also protect the pillars and the elevation from the elements.

Fitting-the-travertine-capings-to-the-concrete-fence-base

Use a dedicated mortar to fix the travertine to the fence elevation.

Plastering-the-concrete-fence

The next step of the project is to apply the fine plaster to the concrete fence. We used white plaster, because we will apply a light color paint to the fence.

Rendering-the-cement-wall

Apply the plaster making sure you even out the surface.

Rendering-the-concrete-fence

 

Making-the-notches-with-a-grinder

Some slots were not aligned so we used a grinder and a diamond blade to even them out. Make sure you wear safety glasses and a respiratory mask, because there will be lots of debris and dust.

Applying-the-decorative-paint---Concrete-Fence

Next, we applied the decorative paint. We used a light yellow for the fence and white for the slots. We chose these colors to match the color scheme of the house and the travertine.

Painting-the-concrete-paint

Make you are consistent when applying the textured paint.

Decorative-paint---Concrete-Fence

Starting to look like a fence… :)

Drilling-the-pilot-holes-in-the-concrete-fence

We used our hammer drill to make holes in the concrete pillars, so we can attach the wooden supports into place. The supports will hold the horizontal slats for the wooden panels.

DIY-Cutting-the-pieces-for-the-fence

We used the miter saw to make the cuts for the supports that will hold the wooden panels.

Concrete-bolts

These are 4″ sleeve anchors that will hold the supports to the concrete pillars.

Fitting-the-wood-panel-supports

Use a hammer to slide the anchors through the support into the pilot hole. Then use a screwdriver to tighten the screw.

Fitting-the-supports-for-the-wood-fence-panels

We repeated the process for the other supports.

Painting-the-fence-slats

We used decking boards for the fence panels. We applied a few protective coats of 3 in 1 stain. It took a few days to complete all boards.

Spacers-between-the-fence-slats

We used spacers between the slats to create even gaps. We drilled pilot holes through the slats and then inserted screws to secure them into place tightly. It is handy to have one drill and one screwdriver when attaching the slats, so you don’t have to take the drill bit off and then attach the screwdriver bit. That would be waste of time.

Fitting-the-slats-to-the-fence

Attach the boards to the front of the fence panels.

Wooden-panels-for-concrete-fence

Then attach the boards to the interior of the fence panels.

Fitting-the-middle-support-to-the-panels

Insert a small board between the front and back slats, making sure it is centered. Insert screws to lock the support into place tightly, This small slat will reinforce the rigidity of the panel and keep the boards straight, on the long run.

Fitting-the-hinges-for-the-gates

Fit the metal hinges to the fence.

Installing-the-metal-gates

Afterwards, we attached the metal gates.

How-to-build-a-concrete-fence

This was a complex project that required all my attention and turned out to be more expensive than I initially budgeted. The fence (including the gated) is aprox. 72 ft long and it costed more than $7000 to make. We saved money by making and installing the wooden panels by ourselves. We also had the equipment used in this project, so we had 0 renting costs. We still have to add the automation to the main gates, but I will cover that in a future article.

 

 

Thank you for taking a look over my article on how to build a concrete fence with wooden panels. Make sure you share this project with your friends if you like it and please take a look over the rest of my projects, because I have tons of plans and ideas to choose from. See all my projects HERE.




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