12×14 Picnic shelter plans

This step by step woodworking project is about 12×14 picnic shelter plans. If you want to build a simple pavilion for your backyard, we recommend you to take a look over this project. Before starting the construction, you need to find out the legal requirements regarding this type of constructions. Follow the building codes and hire a professional contractor if you don’t have the right skills to undertake the project on your own.

A 12×14 wooden shelter for your backyard is a construction that can be built by any woodworking amateur in a few weeks, but there are many techniques you have to master before undertaking the project. However, building a gazebo, a pergola or even a backyard kitchen with an attached roof could be projects that are more suitable for your needs. It’s you job to decide what design does best for you.

We recommend you to invest in the best materials you could afford. Therefore, you should buy weather-resistant lumber, such as pressure-treated lumber, pine or cedar. Always take accurate measurements before adjusting the size of the components at the proper size. Drill pilot holes trough the components before inserting the wood screws, to prevent the wood from splitting.

 

Made from this plan

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Building a large picnic shelter

Building a large picnic shelter

 

Materials

  • A – 4 pieces of 4×4 lumber – 132″ long (36″ in the ground) POSTS
  • B – 4 pieces of 2×6 – 168″ long SUPPORT BEAMS
  • C – 8 pieces of 4×4 – 34″ long BRACES
  • C – 4 pieces of 2×6 lumber – 168″ long SUPPORT BEAMS
  • D – 2 pieces of 2×4 – 37″ long, 1 piece of 2×6 lumber – 168″ long TOP RIDGE
  • E – 8 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 147″ long BOTTOM RAFTERS
  • E – 16 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 96″ long RAFTERS
  • F – 2 pieces of 1×4 lumber – 168″ long TRIMS
  • G – 50 pieces of 1×6 lumber – 168″ long ROOFING
  • H – 4 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 38″ long TRIMS

 

Tools

 

Tips

  • Add trims to the pavilion
  • Secure the roofing slats to the structure with galvanized screws

 

Time

  • One Week

 

Related

 

 

Building an outdoor pavilion

Laying out the posts

Laying out the posts

 

First of all, you need to lay out the picnic shelter. As you can easily notice in the diagram, we recommend you to use batter boards and string to lay out the posts. Measure the diagonals and make adjustments until they are perfectly equal. Apply the 3-4-5 rule to every corner to make sure they are right-angled.

 

Fitting the posts

Fitting the posts

 

The next step of the project is to fit the posts into place. First of all, you need to dig 2-3′ deep holes (at least 6″ under the frost line) and pour a 2″ layer of gravel. Install tube forms and fit the posts into place, making sure they are perfectly plumb. Secure the 4×4 posts with braces before filling the forms with concrete.

Smart Tip: Alternatively, you could use posts anchors. You need to secure the metal anchors into concrete, as to lock the wooden posts into place properly. Align everything with attention and with great care.

 

Attaching the support braces

Attaching the support braces

 

Afterwards, you need to install the support beams to the top of the posts, on both sides of the picnic shelter. Use 2×6 lumber. Clamp the beams to the posts and use a spirit level to check if the beams are horizontal. In addition, use a carpentry square to check if all the corners are right-angled. Drill pilot holes through the beams and through the posts. Insert 7″ carriage bolts and lock the components together tightly.

 

Build the braces

Build the braces

 

Build the braces from 4×4 lumber. Cut both ends of the braces at 45 degrees and smooth the edges with sandpaper.

 

Attaching the braces

Attaching the braces

 

Fit the braces into place and lock them to the components with 2 1/2″ screws.

 

Building the bottom rafters

Building the bottom rafters

 

Build the bottom rafters from 2×6 lumber. Cut both ends of the rafters at 30 degrees.

 

Attaching the bottom rafters

Attaching the bottom rafters

 

Place the support rafters equally-spaced and leave no gaps between the components. Use metal connectors to lock the rafters to the support beams.

 

 

Build the ridge supports

Build the ridge supports

 

In order to enhance the rigidity of the picnic shelter, we recommend you to fit 2×4 supports to both the front and the back of the shelter. Mark the cut lines to the slats and get the job done with a saw. Smooth the edges with fine-grit sandpaper and remove the residues with a damp cloth.

 

 

Cutting the top of the supports

Cutting the top of the supports

 

Make a notch to the top of the supports using the pattern shown in the diagram.

 

Fitting the top ridge

Fitting the top ridge

 

Fit the supports to the end bottom rafters. Make sure the corners are square and plumb the support with a spirit level. Align the edges with attention and use metal connectors to lock the supports into place. Attach the 2×6 top ridge to the supports. Make sure the corners are square.

 

Building the rafters

Building the rafters

 

Next, you need to build the rafters for the shelter. Cut both ends of the slats at 60 degrees.

 

Fitting the rafters

Fitting the rafters

 

Place the rafters to the support beams, making sure you place them equally-spaced. Use metal connectors to secure the rafters to the support beams and 3 1/2″ screws to lock the opposite end to the top ridge. Drill pilot holes before inserting the screws, to prevent the wood from splitting.

 

Fitting the roofing slats

Fitting the roofing slats

 

There are several alternatives to choose from when building the roofing for the outdoor shelter. Therefore, you could use 1×6 slats or lay plywood and metal sheets or asphalt shingles. If you are going to install 1×6 slats to the roof structure, you need to start from the bottom. Align everything with great care and secure the components into place using galvanized screws or nails. Fit the rest of the slats making sure they overlap at least 1 1/2″. Make sure the top cap will protect the structure from water damage.

 

Fitting the side trims

Fitting the side trims

 

Fit a piece of 1×4 lumber to ends of the rafters, on both sides of the picnic shelter, in order to enhance its look. Align the trims with great care, making sure the edges are perfectly flush one with another and secure them into place using 1 1/4″ finishing nails.

 

Building the end trims

Building the end trims

 

Build some decorative trims for the front and back gable ends of the shelter. Use a good saw to make cuts to the 2×4 slats.

 

Attaching the gable ends trims

Attaching the gable ends trims

 

Fit the trims into place, as described in the diagram, drill pilot holes and lock them to the rafters using 2 1/2″ screws.

 

DIY Picnic Shelter

DIY Picnic Shelter

 

Last but not least, we recommend you to take care of the finishing touches. In order to get a professional result, fill the holes and the gaps with wood filler and let it dry out for a few hours.  Check if there are protruding screws and fix this issue, if necessary.

 

12x14 Picnic Shelter Plans

12×14 Picnic Shelter Plans

 

Smart Tip: Apply a few coats of stain or exterior paint to the components, in order to protect them from decay and water damage. Make sure you choose quality components taht suit your needs and tastes.

 

 

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